There are a number of reasons that can cause a dog to become unconscious such as electric shocks, trauma, drowning, hit by car or choking. All these may cause your dog to stop breathing or his heart to stop beating. In the event of such unforeseen circumstances, it would be helpful if the dog owners know how to perform artificial respiration and cardiopulmonary resuscitation on their unconscious dog.
What is CPR?
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a procedure combining artificial respiration and chest compressions to stimulate the heart and the lungs to function.
The basic principles of CPR are as simple as ABC—A for Airway, B for Breathing, and C for Circulation. Any dog owner can learn the first-aid ABC basics. As a matter of fact, all dog owners should learn how to perform CPR.
Step by Step CPR Procedures
- It is very important that your dog has stopped breathing before attempting CPR procedure on him. Two ways of checking is to
- Hold a small mirror close to your dog’s nose and mouth. If there is no condensation (mists) on the mirror, your dog is not breathing.
- Place your hand on the left side of the chest or on the groin area to feel for a heartbeat. If there is none, the blood is not circulating properly. (Never attempt chest compression if your dog has a chest injury)
Airway and Breathing: How to Perform Artificial Respiration
Gently lift your dog’s chin to extend his neck. If he still isn’t breathing, administer artificial respiration immediately.
Place your hand around the muzzle and hold it closed. Place your mouth around his nose. Breathe up your dog’s nose with four or five quick forceful breaths. If your dog resume to normal breathing, stop! Otherwise, give 20 breaths every minute on small dogs or 30 breaths on larger dogs. Continue with the artificial respiration until your dog begins to breathe on his own. You should be able to see the chest wall expand as you breathe into your dog’s nose.
Circulation: How to Perform Chest Compression
Chest compression is best performed on solid surface with the dog lying on either side of his body. It’s advisable to have the dog lie on his right, so that it’s easier to feel his heartbeat in between compressions.
For Small Dogs (under 20lbs).
Place your hand(s) on the side of your dog’s chest (over the ribs where his elbow meets the chest). Compress the chest approximately an inch downward with two compressions per second. (Do not use too much force as you may break the ribs) Do two sets (2 x 2) of chest compressions with one breath. Check for heartbeat after one minute of compression. If none is found, continue.
For medium to larger dogs, do the same 3 steps above. However, you need to use both hands with one hand over the other and compress the chest much more, about 2 to 3 inches downward depending on the size of the dog. Do 2 to 2.5 sets of chest compressions (4 to 5) per second with one breath.
If your dog could not be revived after 20 minutes of CPR, it is most likely he will not be revived.
This is why it is important to provide your dog with proper care and treatment so he will be free from any diseases. You can give him cbd for dogs to make him healthy and stronger.
If you are interested in taking Pet First Aid Courses, you may want to check out American Red Cross and find one chapter near you.