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Housekeeping Tips For Dirty Tables

Do you want to be labeled a messy housekeeper? A couple of typical home décor cleaning issues arise when you have dusty lampshades and allow drinks on your end tables. The combination of the light from the lamp and the dusty tabletop united with a dirty water ring mess leaves guests wondering if your house has been cleaned at all.

If your lampshades tend to get dirty or dusty, follow these simple techniques for removing the dirt and grime. Good housecleaning covers all areas of home decor.

Clean lampshades carefully because they are usually glued to the metal frame that gives them support. Avoid using large amounts of water or heavily saturated cloths, or the lampshade will begin to loosen from the frame. Use a soft duster or a vacuum cleaner to remove the dust particles from a cloth or cardboard lampshade. Sometimes, the house of the person is dirty due to guests or storm. Every small place will be cleaned through професионален домоуправител обяви град София for impressive appearance. The hiring of the house managers will be done after checking the professionalism in the work.

Use an eraser to remove any dark spots or stains on the surface of the lampshade. For home decor purposes, turn the lamp or lampshade so the dirtiest part of the lampshade is facing the wall or exterior of the house. If there is a specific stain on a cloth lampshade, use a small amount of liquid soap on a soft cloth and apply it carefully to the lampshade. If your liquid soap is not clear in color, then use some warm water to create a sudsy cloth with no coloration.

For expensive chandeliers or metallic lampshades and lighting fixtures, use a soft duster or cotton gloves to clean the surface. Warm, sudsy water on a damp cloth can also remove most of the dirt and dust. Be careful not to leave fingerprints on metallic fixtures.

For glass globes on light fixtures, lamps, or chandeliers, use a simple household cleaners like Windex to remove the dirt and fingerprints. For additional intense cleaning, you can also lightly dust the light bulbs themselves.

Water rings and stains that are left from the water vapor on glasses and cups can be an unsightly mess. Coasters aren’t always readily available, so the rings have to be cleaned.

Water rings left by water droplets can be a real eyesore…especially on wooden surfaces. Typically, these water rings cannot be removed with just a dry cloth. For the best results on a treated wood surface, apply a small amount of petroleum jelly to the watermark. For the best results, leave the petroleum jelly on the water ring for several hours. Carefully, wipe off the petroleum jelly to reveal a clean surface.

Deep rings, weathering, and surface discoloration caused by water rings can often be camouflaged using a similar shade crayon or marker. Carefully, wipe of the affected area with the crayon or marker until it blends in nicely with the rest of the wood. To blend most acutely, use a soft cloth to apply the crayon or marker coloring to the wood.

For light water stains that haven’t been there too long, wipe a small amount of toothpaste on the water stain. Use a clean dry cloth to carefully dab the area. Be sure to use toothpaste that is not a gel formula or the results won’t be as effective.

For deeper water stains and water rings, use a creamy metal polish to remove the stains. Once again, the metal polish should be used with a dry cloth so the area can be wiped without any further damage. With a metal polish, you might notice a slight abrasiveness, so do not scrub aggressively in order to preserve the wooden surface.

10 Free and Legal MP3 Albums to Download

There are many free and legal ways to Download Mp3 Gratis. They are generally strewn around the internet and are somewhat tricky to find. Here are ten of those albums. Each one is a quality release and you may (or may not) be surprised that some of the brands featured here are popular ones. Either way, these are fine albums and they are totally free and totally legal to download

  1. Explosions In The Sky – The Rescue

This album is featured on the band’s own official website and was recorded over an eight-day period. It’s full of their trademark post-rock instrumental music that veers towards indie rock but is equal parts moody and beautiful.

  1. Harvey Danger – Little By Little

This is Harvey Danger’s third official album release which comes with album artwork and liner notes. It too is available via the band’s official website and is in high-bitrate MP3 or OGG format via BitTorrent or OK quality MP3 via direct download. It’s basically a pop-rock album with a little alt-indie thrown in for good measure. Nice tunes though.

  1. Butthole Surfers – Double Live

This album comes via the Butthole Surfers’ official website and features DAT recordings of the band’s live shows which have been compiled into a 2 disc, 29 song set. It includes front and back cover art. Their music is way-leftfield indie psych-rock and this is a good archive of the horrors of a Butthole Surfers show.

  1. The Arrogants – Three Albums

Yep, three whole albums free and legally available from their own official website. They are a jangly guitar pop band with an indie edge and have some great sing-a-long choruses and hooks, with nice buzzsaw guitars. The albums are 2005’s ‘You’ve Always Known When Best To Say Goodbye…’ which features 23 songs, 2002’s ‘Nobody’s Cool’, and ‘Your Simple Beauty’ from 2000. There are good songs on all three.

  1. Nine Inch Nails – The Limitless Potential

Trent Reznor has made this collection of NIN remixes available for free from his official website. The album contains 21 tracks and can be downloaded individually or as a whole and includes album art.

  1. REM – R.E.M.I.X

Again available from REM’s official website. It is a remix version of the band’s 2001 album ‘Reveal’. It has remixes from the likes of Her Space Holiday, Chef, Jamie Candiloro, and others.

  1. Jets Overhead – Bridges

Jets Overhead is another rock and pop band that have a little bit of alt-indie about them. The choruses on this album are great and the music generally of a high standard. The album is from 2006 and comes with an instrumental version companion album as well as an EP. Well worth the download.

  1. Dead Heart Bloom – Dead Heart Bloom

This is a solo album by former Phasers keyboardist Boris Skalsky. It’s a blend of indie-folk and some darker rock. His website has downloads of the self-titled first album as well as ‘Chelsea Diaries’ from 2007 and an EP called ‘Fall In’ from 2008.

  1. Zooey – Pique-Nique Et Jeux dans L’eau

If you like pop electronica that’s slightly leftfield then this is for you. Zooey is from France and this is a great eleven-song album available from their own website.

  1. Matador Records – Intended Play Sampler (Fall 2008)

This compilation comes courtesy of great indie label Matador and features a track from each new and upcoming release. Includes Belle and Sebastian, AC Newman, Lou Reed, Mogwai, Pavement, and many more. Recommended!

Hope you find something you like and thanks for reading!

 

Get To Know How Lapel Pins Boost Sales In The Tourist Industry?

Lapel pins are the tiny pins that are usually worn over the left side of the jacket, shirt, or a dress mainly. It is used for representing some institutions and organizations that are particularly concerned with sports, corporate business, and military. In all of these realms, lapel pins can be used for identifying a particular person. 

We are assisting you with the guide that how custom enamel lapel pins can be used for improving your business. If you are looking forward to boosting the sales of your business, then consider learning more details stated in the article.

How do lapel pins assist in business?

 Lapel pins can be considered as one of the finest ways of advertising for seeking attention from visitors. These tourists can consider for giving exposure to your business. Across the world, people have been choosing for the lapel pins that boost the sales of your business evidently. 

Sales can be improved amazingly with these custom lapel enamel pins with wider engagement. The primary practice that you can get started with is putting an offer of a discount offer to tourists. Lapel pins can help the new tourists to acknowledge the offer of a discount for attaining several tourism services from your business. in this way, and you can improve your sales amazingly surely. 

Especially, people who are running a business of tourism must consider this option surely as they can attain larger and greater attention from the tourists visiting your business.

Recapitulation 

Let us recapitulate from the details stated above in the articles that share how custom enamel lapel pins can boost your sales. It would be a considerable choice for lapel pins to attract a wider audience. You can also take the details stated above in the article into consideration.

New Ideas for Old Kitchen Cabinets

If your kitchen cabinets are in good condition but you’re tired of their design or lack thereof, there are easy ways you can turn old kitchen cabinets into cabinets that look like new. Anyone can use the following creative ideas to turn their old kitchen cabinets into the cabinetry they’ve always wanted. All it takes is a little creativity and ingenuity.

Handles and Knobs

Different handles and knobs can make old kitchen cabinets look like new, and even if your kitchen cabinets never had handles or knobs, you can add them to give your old cabinetry a whole new look. Simply replace old hardware with new, or drill holes in cabinet drawers and doors and install knobs and handles. Worcester Bosch Boilers Prices & Reviews can be visited at the search engines for the purchase. The look of the boilers will meet with the insulated home. The look of the kitchen will be enhanced through the installation of the product. 

Be sure to measure the distance between holes if you’re replacing existing door or drawer handles. They’re not all the same size. Also, if you want to replace handles with those of a different size, you might be able to cover up old holes with decorative backplates. They add a touch of class while serving a valuable purpose.

There are literally hundreds of styles and types of handles and knobs to choose from. Shop online to find the hardware that best fits the theme of your kitchen. Shopping online is the easiest way to find just the right handles and knobs at the lowest possible prices.

Wood Onlays and Appliqués

Kitchen cabinets and drawers adorned with relief carvings look rich and stylish, but you don’t have to spend a small fortune on hand carved cabinetry. There are wood onlays and appliqués that can be painted or stained and glued to the fronts of doors and drawers. No one will know they weren’t custom carved especially for your kitchen cabinets.

Wood onlays and appliqués come in all styles and prices, and they can be found at woodcraft stores and home improvement stores as well as online. Wood onlays and appliqués are just one of the many ways you can give your old kitchen cabinets a new look.

Decorative Molding and Trim

There are wood onlays and appliqués that can be painted or stained and glued to the fronts of doors and drawers. There are options available in a wide variety of styles, sizes, and prices, and the possibilities are only limited by your imagination.

Measure areas of your cabinets you want to trim, and buy molding or decorative wood strips to give your old kitchen cabinets a whole new look. With the help of a mitre block and saw, you can cut perfect angles like a pro.

Corkboard Cabinet Message Center

Do your write yourself notes and reminders only to misplace or forget the notes? Make a new corkboard cabinet message center on your old kitchen cabinets and never forget a note or message again. All you need is an upper wall cabinet with an exposed side, and you can make a new message center custom designed for your cabinetry.

Measure the exposed side of an upper cabinet, and buy a roll of thick cork or corkboard tiles. If necessary, trim the cork with a utility knife, and attach it with spray-on adhesive. If you ever want to take the cork down down, spray-on lubricant or adhesive remover will help you remove remaining glue.

Mosquitoes Are Here All Year in Malta

If you’re the type — like me — that mosquitoes make a beeline for no matter who else is around, then you need this advice before visiting or staying in Malta for any length of time.

Mosquitoes in Malta are active all year, not only in spring and summer but throughout the fall and winter, too. Yes, the winter. This is why mosquito pest control services are quite essential to get rid of mosquitos effectively. 

Part of the reason for winter survival is that winter is the rainy season for Malta. And because the temperatures hardly ever go below 45 or 50 degrees F, it never freezes. So mosquitoes can still lay their eggs. And to lay eggs, the females need to eat. And their favorite meal? You (or me, if I’m around).

You may be used to being cautious about mosquitoes at dawn or dusk. But Maltese mosquitoes can bite at any time of the day. Again, the climate has something to do with it, but there’s something else.

Malta has a type of mosquito known as the Asian Tiger Mosquito. This villain actually has stripes on it (if you actually take a moment to look at it before you kill it) and has a ferocious appetite like a tiger all day.

So what do you do about all-day, all-night, all-season mosquitoes who are smitten with you?

There is protection for all times. Here are some products to help you:

For Your Skin

Mosquito repellant, containing DEET, that you apply on your skin is available from any pharmacy in Malta and is not expensive. It comes in several forms, depending on how much and what type of coverage you want: aerosol and non-aerosol sprays, creams, foams, combination sunblock, and mosquito repellant.

One of the best things — but these are more expensive — are packages of moist repellant wipes or towelettes that come in a box. These are great because you can slip some in your bag or pants pockets and apply it immediately if you start getting bitten.

For Your House

Use fans in your house because these insects are weak fliers and the fans may also disperse the scent humans give off that lead the mosquitoes to your body.

Get rid of any unnecessary things outside containing water. These include unused containers, garden pots, and buckets, toys that can collect water, stopped-up drainage pipes. Even plastic hanging sun drapes can collect water that the mosquitoes use to breed in.

Buy and use the following products that keep mosquitoes away or kill them:

  • Pellets that you insert every night near your bed (supposedly very safe for humans) in a device that you plug into the wall. It looks like a night light. It warms the pellet, which gives off a scent which the mosquitoes hate.
  • Liquid plug-ins work the same way as the pellets, but they use a fluid which is slowly heated and released into the air. Again, the scent repels the mosquitoes.
  • Citronella candles come in all sizes and shapes for indoor and outdoor use. Some are quite decorative. While they’re lit, they keep mosquitoes away. (Never leave a lit candle burning by itself.)

What about those electric bug zappers you hear about that supposed sizzle mosquitoes as they are attracted to the ultraviolet light? Some experts say that while zappers attract and kill many insects that may resemble mosquitoes, the zappers don’t work because mosquitoes are not attracted to light; they’re attracted to the carbon dioxide we emit through our breath and sweat.

So don’t waste your money on a zapper. Use the other tips instead.

Weight Loss is like a Roller Coaster Ride

I love roller coasters! Let me loose at any theme park and you will find me in the roller coaster line. The wooden ones are my favorite, but I’ll ride any of them. From the very first drop, I am slinging tonsils everywhere…just can’t help it…I scream!

Life is like a roller coaster. It’s full of dips and valleys and turns. Every experience molds our character and the valleys test our faith and challenge our spirit.

Weight loss is like this, too. It’s much like a roller coaster ride. Any time you try to lose weight, you will have weeks of being successful and days of running off the track. Perseverance is the key! When you have the run off the track days, focus and get the train back on course.

The weekend before July 4th was stressful for me. I didn’t do so well on my food plan and gained, back 4 of my 11 lost lbs. I didn’t let that have a negative effect on me, however. I got back on track and lost that 4, plus another 1.5 to go with it, for a total of 12.5 lbs.

I think that too many times we give up on things that don’t come to us easily. There is much to learn when we are in those valleys, like we fall down sometimes, but we can pick ourselves up. We should determine to look to the top of the hill, where our goals await us, as opposed to getting comfortable in the pits.

So how do we get out of the pits? Make a plan!

Determine what is needed to achieve your goals and plot a strategy to get there. Then, stick to it. Not that you won’t have your share of detours and road blocks, or a change of direction every now and then, but there is always a way to get back on the road again. This principle applies to all of our goals and dreams, not just weight loss. There are many tools available to help us to lose weight. Some of our local weight loss centers may be the place to start. Being accountable to a friend can help, too. Talk with your physician before embarking on any weight loss program. The consumption of the leptitox will offer speedy lose in the weight of the person. The help of the doctors can be taken for the taking of the product with the snacks. 

I want to arrive at the station of my weight loss goal. I have a map to direct the way, do you? Even though the trip is like being on a roller coaster, I am up for a wild ride. I might travel through the ride kicking and screaming, but I can assure you that I will arrive at the station, and I with a whole lot less seat!

How to Profit from E-mail Marketing Without Even Having a Website

Many people don’t realize the earning potential involved with e-mail marketing. This article will focus on two specific groups of people: those who have an existing non-internet related business and those who have a subject of interest but no website, no business, etc. Let’s see how these two groups of individuals can profit from e-mail marketing without investing any money.

Group #1.

Non-Internet Business owners. If you are not doing so already, you will need to collect e-mail addresses from your clients. Most of your clients will be happy to give you their e-mail addresses (it is their phone number that they are leery about). Once you have collected their addresses you need to create a message for them. Think of a discount or special offer you could give them that compliments the products you sell or the services that you perform. It should only take about 10 minutes to create this e-mail. Make sure you click send. Not only is this easy, but it’s free. It’s just like getting the same benefits of choosing a cheap and best web hosting 2020 service.

Here is an example from my father’s newspaper. My father owns a local newspaper. He collects the e-mail addresses of his clients. One month he realized he was running low on ads and had spaces left over. He whipped up an e-mail offering 10% off any ads placed for the next issue. He sent it out and within 24 hours had enough ads to fill in his ad spaces. So you can see how collecting e-mail addresses is a great way to boost your company’s profits.

Group #2.

Individuals with a passion for a certain topic, but no website or current business. To make money with no investment all you need to do is create a free newsletter. Yes, I said free. Make sure the newsletter stays focused on your one topic of interest. Where will you get content to include in your newsletter? There are plenty of sites on the Internet where you can find useful articles on your topic to include in your newsletter. These sites will even give you rights to reprint the article free so long as you agree to include the author box. So how do you make money giving away a free newsletter? Simple, find companies you can become an affiliate for. Only become an affiliate for products or services that compliment your newsletter. Remember that is the subject your subscribers are interested in. When you become an affiliate you will be paid a commission whenever someone buys the product through your link. How do you get subscribers for your newsletter? Just visit some forums or newsgroups that are on the same subject as your newsletter and post a little ad. Your newsletter is free, but trust me you will not have any trouble getting subscribers. People love the word FREE! Once you have a decent amount of subscribers, you can also sell some of your space for ads. If you have a good number of subscribers you will find that people will want to pay to get their link on your newsletter.

Now you know a little more on e-mail marketing. If you are looking for some software that can help keep your e-mail campaign’s organized and personalized check out Mailloop (the link can be copied and pasted into your browser from the resource box).

Super Smash Bros. Brawl Character Guide: Diddy Kong

Diddy Kong is, simply put, one of the best characters in the game. He’s small, quick, and pretty powerful. Not only that, most of his moves are really good. His only real weakness is that he is light, but that shouldn’t be too much of a problem. He’s a pretty straightforward and balanced character — he’s got good melee attacks, good maneuverability, and a couple of projectile attacks. It should also be noted that Diddy can cling to walls by holding the analog stick against the wall. This can have some limited use, but only in certain situations. In this article, proper guide will be made available to the players for the playing at level 30 account. It will be beneficial to buy level 30 account from the reputed websites. The playing of the players will be easy and convenient for the person from home. 

Standard Attacks

Diddy Kong’s standard combo is one of the worst in the game, but it’s also pretty much his only bad move. Just stay away from it. His tilts, smashes, and running attack, on the other hand, are all great. Let’s start with his tilts. His up and forward tilts are both staple moves, so use these as often as possible as your standard horizontal and vertical moves. His down tilt comes out quick and can be used rapidly, so use this as your standard quick disruption move, in place of your jab combo. Diddy’s signature cartwheel is an excellent attack with very fast recovery time, so use it often. This move is an important part of Diddy’s banana game as well, which I’ll get into later. 

Diddy’s smash attacks are pretty good too. The down smash is the best of the bunch, and is a solid attack for most situations. The up tilt and forward tilt are generally better than the up smash and forward smash, though the forward smash is decent as a killing move at higher percentages, though you’ll usually be using your down smash and aerials for that purpose.

Special Attacks

Diddy Kong’s specials are all good too. His up special may require some practice to master, but it’s a good recovery move once you do. Just be aware that it’s pretty easy to get gimped when using this move. Never use it as an attack. Diddy’s side special is an all purpose move that can be used to recover, attack, and even spike. The attack is normally an aerial grab, and if you latch onto someone in the air you can spike them. This is rather tricky however, so don’t get too carried away or you might kill yourself. If you press the button again, during the move, Diddy will perform a kick, making this an excellent, automated short jump attack. And finally, you can use this move to cover some horizontal recovery distance too, and play some tricky games at the edge of the map with your opponent.

Diddy’s other two specials are his projectiles. The side special is a peanut gun which shoots in an arc normally, but shoots straighter, faster, and more powerfully the longer you charge it (don’t overcharge!). In one on one, the charge shot should only be used rarely, for example if you are trying to gimp a recovery from far away. In matches with more players, it’s more useful since you can send charge shots at opponents busy fighting each other. Most of the time, however, you’ll just want to send off uncharged shots to harass opponents. Be aware that the peanuts can be caught and thrown back at you, and that they can break and leave nuts that can be eaten by anybody.

Finally we have Diddy’s excellent down special, his bananas. You can have two bananas out on the stage at any given time, and you can’t trip on your own bananas, unless someone else picks them up (or catches them) and throws them. Most of the time though, you’ll have ownership of the bananas and will be safe. You can pull all sorts of shenanigans with your bananas. You can throw that at people for minor damage and a chance to trip them, or lay them as traps for people to slip on. If you have two bananas on the map, pulling out another will cause one of the previous ones to disappear, and each banana has a certain life before it disappears anyway. Use this to your advantage; pull out another banana when the old ones are flashing, but otherwise its much quicker to reuse the bananas that are in play. This is best accomplished with Diddy’s excellent cartwheel attack, which picks up bananas. Basically, you want to be tossing bananas around every chance you get, and you want to pick them back up with your cartwheel.

Throws

Diddy’s throws aren’t that great, and they should mainly be used as surprise attacks. His back throw is basically just a good toss if you want your opponent to get out of your face, and the up throw is decent for leading into aerials. The other two are okay, but don’t use them too much.

Aerial Attacks

As if good standards and specials weren’t enough, Diddy also has great aerial attacks. His forward and backward air attacks are his bread and butter. The forward one is kind of like a forward facing version of Mario’s back air. It’s got good power so use it often. The back air is quicker, but less powerful. You probably won’t use it as much, but it’s still a good move. The up and neutral aerials are okay, but you should only use them when you need too. The down air is a great meteor smash, but it may be tricky to connect.

Final Smash

Diddy’s final smash is spectacular and flashy, but it can also be devastating in free for alls, especially on small maps without a lot of platforms and obstacles. It takes a while to get used to the controls. Basically, Diddy away from the direction he is flying in, so you want to go left and right. That way you can send barrages all over the map. Just make sure to kill as many opponents as possible, because once it’s all over there will be peanuts all over the map that can heal anybody.

That’s it for Diddy Kong. He’s not that hard to play, but be sure to master some of his trickier moves like his side special, down aerial, up special, and final smash. Once you do, you’ll be playing with one of the best characters available.

How to purchase and use bitcoins online easily!

Bitcoin is the most popular and widely-used cryptocurrency. Cryptocurrency is also known as virtual currency, as it has no physical appearance.  Bitcoin is a decentralized currency, which means it not controlled or managed by any kind of authority or organization. It is based on the blockchain technology which allows the users to sell and buy it and trade in bitcoins. If you are a beginner and are looking to trade in bitcoins, then the BitcoinBlueprint software can help you a lot. There are numerous ways on which you can use and buy bitcoins over the Internet. There are specific tips that will help you to purchase bitcoins over the Internet.

Tips to use and purchase bitcoins over the Internet

Create a cryptocurrency wallet

Bitcoin is a virtual currency, which means it has no physical appearance; hence it cannot be stored in a locker. So, to keep bitcoins safe and store them, you need to set up a bitcoin wallet before making your first purchase. There are numerous types of bitcoins wallets, and you can choose any one of them that fits your needs and requirements. To set up the wallet, you need to share some of your important details such as Email, bank account, name, etc. to the bitcoin wallet provider.

Make an electronic purchase for bitcoin

You can buy bitcoin electronically using your bitcoin wallet. There are various platforms that allow you to purchase bitcoins. There are some charges included in making the purchase, such as a bank transfer fee. So, you must consider all the factors and charges while making the purchase online.

Use bitcoins to buy goods and services.

With the increasing popularity of bitcoins, people have started accepting it as the common currency for exchange. You can buy different goods and services online and pay them through bitcoins. As you use your credit card and debit card for making a purchase, the same way, you can use your bitcoin wallet too.

How To Shingle a Roof

Generally, the shingles on the roof of your home and/or garage should last a good 15 to 20 years (depending upon the quality of shingles used). Even if the manufacturers state that they will last 20 to 25 years, it all depends, really, on the weather your shingles have to endure. Extreme weather conditions can reduce the life span of your shingles. Even the extreme heat from the sun can cause your shingles to dry out and curl up long before their expiration date is up.

It’s important to be sure that your shingles are in good condition. If they are starting to show signs of age and wear, if they are cracking, splitting, and especially curling up at the ends, it’s definitely time to re-shingle. This will ensure that the structure of your roof is not being saturated by water, due to the elements. It is much easier, and less costly, to keep your shingles in good repair, rather than having to replace your entire roof later on.

Shingles are quite adept to keep the roof in check and can be utilized for other purposes as well as replacing the roof will result in unnecessary wastage of money and even the roof service provider are not exactly competent to deal with such issues.

Here is a step-by-step, how-to guide for replacing shingles on your roof. This is also a guide for using standard asphalt shingles.

CAUTION: It is NOT recommended that you re-shingle over existing shingles (some people actually do this, out of either laziness or by trying to save money in not having to pay for the removal and hauling away of the old shingles). This will drastically reduce the life span of your new shingles. In order to make your new shingles last for the next 20 years, be sure to strip your roof of the existing shingles.

SUPPLIES YOU WILL NEED

* claw-foot hammer (for removing old roofing nails)

* strong utility knife (for cutting shingles when you get to the ends)

* asphalt shingles

* flashings

* metal starter strip

* roofing felt

* galvanized roofing nails and hammer, or air nailer

Preparation

If this is an existing home and you are re-shingling your roof, as stated above, be sure that you have removed the old shingles. Also, be sure that all the old nails have been pulled.

Metal Starter Strip

You will need to purchase and affix metal starter strip to the very bottom edge of your roof (all the way around for cottage-style roofs). Starter stripping comes in an “L” shape. One edge of the stripping will be nailed to the bottom edging of the roof boards while the other side of the stripping will hang down against the fascia board and over the lip of the eaves troughs (gutters). This allows the rain to run off the roof and into the eaves (gutters), preventing the fascia board and edge of your roof from rotting.

Install Flashing and Roof Vents

The next step is to add all your roof vents before shingling. You might have decided to add one or two newer vents (if this is an older home), to add extra ventilation to the roof (attic area). You might also want to install a turbine ventilator at this point as well. This will give your home constant ventilation and help to reduce your energy costs. Be sure that there is proper flashing around all vents to prevent your roof from leaking.

If your roof happens to have peaks and valleys, you will have to add metal flashing to the valleys of your roof in this step as well. This will help to ensure that no water is leaking between the shingles, then through the joining where the roof boards meet, subsequently seeping into your living space. This is a very important step to ensure a longer life span for your shingles and your roof.

Roofing Felt

You will now need to add the roofing felt. Some people cover the entire surface of the roof with roofing paper, however, this is not entirely necessary and will only add to the cost. All you need is one layer, the width of the roofing felt, running it along the entire bottom edge(s) of the roof. This can be tacked on with an industrial staple gun or air stapler.

Installing the Shingles

You are now ready to add the shingles. Starting at the bottom edge of the roof, nail on the first set of shingle(either using standard galvanized roofing nails or an air nailer). The first row of shingles should be placed upside down, and must cover the metal starter strip. The edge of the shingles should run flush with the edge of the roof and the starter strip. This will be your guide line for the rest of the shingles, helping to ensure they run in a straight line all the way through to the top.

When you get to the ends of the roof (on a gable style roof) or to the edge where the roof changes direction (a cottage-style roof), or to the valley, cut off excess shingle with the utility knife, as evenly as possible.

Once your first row of shingles are in place, put the next row of shingles atop the first upside down row (this will now be considered your first row). Be sure that they are staggered (a full sheet should cover the joint where the previous bottom shingles meet). Continue your row until you reach the outer edge of the roof, or where the roof starts to change direction. Cut off excess with the utility knife (these will be covered with the caps later, so don’t be too worried if your cuts look a little rough).

With the next row of shingles, you will be starting a new complete row. Again, stagger your asphalt shingle sheets (as a brick layer would when laying bricks). Each sheet of shingle should have a distinguishable line drawn at approximately the 1/2 way point. This line is your guide when placing down the next row of shingles. The bottom of the shingles should run flush with the line on the previous row. Also, remember to nail your shingles “above” this line. This will hide the nails with each subsequent row of shingles.

Continue shingling all the way up the roof, using the same method….. remembering to stagger your sheets. Step back every now and then to be sure your rows are lining up evenly.

Capping The Peaks

When you have placed your last row of shingles on the roof, you will now need to cap the peaks. This both hides the unsightly edges of the shingle (and the last row of nails), but also makes sure that no water will get behind your shingles.

When you purchase your shingles, be sure to also purchase caps that will match the color of your shingles. These are smaller pieces of asphalt cut in rectangular pieces. When nailing these to the peaks, nail at the bottom part of the cap. The next cap will hide the nails of the previous cap.

On a gable style roof, you will only need to cap the very top of your roof. For a cottage style roof, you will need to cap all the cut joints where the roof changed direction, as well as the top peak. For a roof with several peaks and valleys, cap all peaks. You may want to add a bead of roofing tar to the valley joints as added protection from rain.

You have now completed your project and I’m sure your roof is looking very nice. Well done!

TIPS TO HELP MAKE YOUR ROOFING PROJECT RUN SMOOTH

TIP #1: Here is a very important tip that can save your fingers from serious injury when using roofing nails and a hammer. Never hold the nail with your thumb and index finger while hammering it down. This is a good way to bash your thumb with the hammer (I learned this the hard way!). Instead, lay your hand on the roof, palm side up. Hold the nail between your first and second finger and tap the nail gently at first. Then remove your hand and continue to hammer the nail down. You should also be wearing construction gloves for added safety.

TIP #2: If you are using an air nailer, they can be very dangerous as well. If you are not paying proper attention and using good safety practices, you might find that the gun will shoot nails at the slightest jostle. These nails leave the gun at quite a velocity and can imbed themselves into your leg or other parts of your body. So be sure to use good, practical and sensible safety practices when using an air nailer.